The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement lays a solid foundation for mobilising the capital market for climate mitigation and adaptation actions. This can include a wide variety of funding sources, instruments and channels. Green bonds, as debt securities that finance or refinance environmental projects, have been growing rapidly and are recognised as one of the primary instruments for tracking the finance flow and responding to the investment needs of programmes to address climate change.
This report assesses the extent to which green bonds help Asia meet the Paris Agreement, and delivers a mapping and analysis of the key green bond actors and stakeholders in Asia. Carbon Care Asia is commissioned by Heinrich Böll Stiftung to conduct desktop research, which covers Asian emerging markets, including China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. CCA collects data for green bonds issued between January 2018 and June 2020 and undertakes an assessment of the range of actors and stakeholders involved in the green bond market and 373 green bond deals.